• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

KMMR: An Efficient and scalable Key Management Protocol to Secure Multi-Hop Communications in large scale Wireless Sensor Networks

Vol. 11, No.2, February 28, 2017
10.3837/tiis.2017.02.015, Download Paper (Free):

Abstract

Efficient key distribution and management mechanisms as well as lightweight ciphers are the main pillar for establishing secure wireless sensor networks (WSN). Several symmetric based key distribution protocols are already proposed, but most of them are not scalable, yet vulnerable to a small number of compromised nodes. In this paper, we propose an efficient and scalable key management and distribution framework, named KMMR, for large scale WSNs. The KMMR contributions are three fold. First, it performs lightweight local processes orchestrated into upward and downward tiers. Second, it limits the impact of compromised nodes to only local links. Third, KMMR performs efficient secure node addition and revocation. The security analysis shows that KMMR withstands several known attacks. We implemented KMMR using the NesC language and experimented on Telosb motes. Performance evaluation using the TOSSIM simulator shows that KMMR is scalable, provides an excellent key connectivity and allows a good resilience, yet it ensures both forward and backward secrecy. For a WSN comprising 961 sensor nodes monitoring a 60 hectares agriculture field, KMMR requires around 2.5 seconds to distribute all necessary keys, and attains a key connectivity above 96% and a resilience approaching 100%. Quantitative comparisons to earlier work show that KMMR is more efficient in terms of computational complexity, required storage space and communication overhead.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
Abderrahmen Guermazi, Abdelfettah Belghith, Mohamed Abid and Sofien Gannouni, "KMMR: An Efficient and scalable Key Management Protocol to Secure Multi-Hop Communications in large scale Wireless Sensor Networks," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 901-923, 2017. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2017.02.015

[ACM Style]
Guermazi, A., Belghith, A., Abid, M., and Gannouni, S. 2017. KMMR: An Efficient and scalable Key Management Protocol to Secure Multi-Hop Communications in large scale Wireless Sensor Networks. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 11, 2, (2017), 901-923. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2017.02.015