• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

Sector-based Charging Schedule in Rechargeable Wireless Sensor Networks


Abstract

Adopting mobile chargers (MC) in rechargeable wireless sensors network (R-WSN) to recharge sensors can increase network efficiency (e.g., reduce MC travel distance per tour, reduce MC effort, and prolong WSN lifetime). In this study, we propose a mechanism to split the sensing field into partitions that may be equally spaced but differ in distance to the base station. Moreover, we focus on minimizing the MC effort by providing a new charging mechanism called the sector-based charging schedule (SBCS), which works to dispatch the MC in charging trips to the sector that sends many charging requests and suggesting an efficient sensor-charging algorithm. Specifically, we first utilize the high ability of the BS to divide the R-WSN field into sectors then it select the cluster head for each sector to reduce the intra-node communication. Second, we formulate the charging productivity as NP-hard problem and then conduct experimental simulations to evaluate the performance of the proposed mechanism. An extensive comparison is performed with other mechanisms. Experimental results demonstrate that the SBCS mechanism can prolong the lifetime of R-WSNs by increasing the charging productivity about 20% and reducing the MC effort by about 30%.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
Sadam Alkhalidi, Dong Wang and Zaid A. Ali Al-Marhabi, "Sector-based Charging Schedule in Rechargeable Wireless Sensor Networks," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 11, no. 9, pp. 4301-4319, 2017. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2017.09.007

[ACM Style]
Alkhalidi, S., Wang, D., and Al-Marhabi, Z. A. A. 2017. Sector-based Charging Schedule in Rechargeable Wireless Sensor Networks. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 11, 9, (2017), 4301-4319. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2017.09.007