• KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems
    Monthly Online Journal (eISSN: 1976-7277)

Adaptive Algorithms for Bayesian Spectrum Sensing Based on Markov Model

Vol. 12, No.7, July 31, 2018
10.3837/tiis.2018.07.007, Download Paper (Free):

Abstract

Spectrum sensing (SS) is one of the fundamental tasks for cognitive radio. In SS, decisions can be made via comparing the test statistics with a threshold. Conventional adaptive algorithms for SS usually adjust their thresholds according to the radio environment. This paper concentrates on the issue of adaptive SS whose threshold is adjusted based on the Markovian behavior of primary user (PU). Moreover, Bayesian cost is adopted as the performance metric to achieve a trade-off between false alarm and missed detection probabilities. Two novel adaptive algorithms, including Markov Bayesian energy detection (MBED) algorithm and IMBED (improved MBED) algorithm, are proposed. Both algorithms model the behavior of PU as a two-state Markov process, with which their thresholds are adaptively adjusted according to the detection results at previous slots. Compared with the existing Bayesian energy detection (BED) algorithm, MBED algorithm can achieve lower Bayesian cost, especially in high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) regime. Furthermore, it has the advantage of low computational complexity. IMBED algorithm is proposed to alleviate the side effects of detection errors at previous slots. It can reduce Bayesian cost more significantly and in a wider SNR region. Simulation results are provided to illustrate the effectiveness and efficiencies of both algorithms.


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Cite this article

[IEEE Style]
Shengliang Peng, Renyang Gao, Weibin Zheng and Kejun Lei, "Adaptive Algorithms for Bayesian Spectrum Sensing Based on Markov Model," KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 3095-3111, 2018. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2018.07.007

[ACM Style]
Peng, S., Gao, R., Zheng, W., and Lei, K. 2018. Adaptive Algorithms for Bayesian Spectrum Sensing Based on Markov Model. KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems, 12, 7, (2018), 3095-3111. DOI: 10.3837/tiis.2018.07.007